Muhemmed

ئورنى Wikipedia
(قايتا نىشان بەلگىلەش ئورنى Hz.Muhammed S.E.W)
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Muhemmed (Ereb: محمد , ‎ 570 yaki 571, Mekke - 632-6-iyun, Medine)[1], Islam dinini tarqatquchi peyghember (Musulmanlar üchün axiriqi peyghember), shundaqla ijtima'iy, diniy, siyasiy we eskeri bir dahiydur[2][3]. Mekkedin bashlap ereb yérim arilini, islam hakimiyitide bir merkezdin bashqurilidighan halgha keltürgen. Musulman emesler muhemmedni islamni berpa qilghuchi dep qaraydu[4]. Lékin musulmanlar bolsa muhemmedni adem, nuh, ibrahim, musa, isa we bashqa islam peyghemberlirining bozghunchiliqqa uchrighan sheri'etlirini qayta tikligen we tamamlighan, allening axiriqi elchisi ikenlikige ishinidu[5][6] islam diniche, muhemmedning waatigha qeder alle tali teripidin wehiy qilinghan ayetler quranni teshkil qilidu. Quran, muhemmedning hayati we adetleshken sheri'et ijralirida asasiy menbe qilinghanliqigha ishinilidu. Bezi musulmanlar muhemmedning ismi zikir qilinghanda uninggha hörmet we muhebbet körsitish yüzsidin ismidin kéyin "صلى الله عليه و سلم (sellellahu eleyhi wesellem: allening salat we salami uninggha bolsun)" dep "salawat" keltüridu[7].

مەنبەلەر[تەھرىرلەش]

  1. Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63 gives 8 June 632, the dominant Islamic tradition. Many earlier, mainly non-Islamic traditions refer to him as still alive at the time of the invasion of Palestine. See Stephen J. Shoemaker,The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad's Life and the Beginnings of Islam, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
  2. http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/10/04/is-islam-an-obstacle-to-democracy/from-its-earliest-days-islam-respects-plurality%7Ctitle
  3. http://www.politicalislam.com/blog/mohammed/http://web.archive.org/web/20160307035621/https://www.politicalislam.com/blog/mohammed/
  4. http://books.google.com/?id=U94S6N2zECAC&pg=PA101&dq=non-Muslims+Muhammad+%22founder+of+islam%22#v=onepage&q=non-Muslims%20Muhammad%20%22founder%20of%20islam%22&f=false
  5. Esposito (1998), p. 12.
  6. Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  7. Ann Goldman, Richard Hain, Stephen Liben (2006), p. 212